The (non-)identification with one gender has always heated up tempers and shed light on general socially accepted role models. Ida Maly, who lived an unconventional and emancipated life as an artist, depicted herself as a garçonne, a woman of boyish appearance, in her self-portrait. The breaking with stereotyped roles defined by society and the suspension of typically female and male gender identity were characteristic features of her works. Ida Maly was committed to a psychiatric hospital in 1928. In 1941, she was murdered in the frame of the Nazi euthanasia programme.